The UAE recently announced that it will spend 179.6 million US dollars to build the world's largest "plant factory" in the Abu Dhabi desert, and use the most advanced indoor planting system in the Netherlands to develop innovative indoor agriculture and solve normal planting restrictions due to extreme weather. At present, the global "plant factories" are roughly divided into two types, one is a refined planting plant represented by Japan, and the other is a large-scale planting plant represented by the Netherlands.
Chinese companies such as JD.com and COFCO are introducing "plant factories" related technologies for trial planting. "Global Times" reporters showed the latest development level of "plant factories" in China, Japan and the Netherlands through investigations.
"Plant Factory" in China
JD.COM's plant factory designed and constructed by KINGPENG imported "plant factory" related technology and equipment from Japan's Mitsubishi Chemical, including seeds and nutrient solutions from Japan. "The biggest advantage of these dishes is that they don't use any pesticides," Wu Zhongsheng told reporters. The core technology also includes the nursery box. Wu Zhongsheng said that the nursery box can adjust the light, carbon dioxide concentration, temperature and humidity, etc., and a batch of seedlings can be produced in 8 to 10 days, which is more than half the traditional seedling cycle. According to reports, the "plant factory" uses the Japanese "shallow flow cultivation method", and the nutrient solution reuse rate reaches 90%.
"Plant Factory" in the Netherlands
Dutch agriculture has entered the 4.0 era! According to the German "Economic Weekly", last year the Dutch export of agricultural products such as fruits and vegetables set a new record. At the time of the global food crisis, the Dutch "plant factories" have gradually entered the stage of mass production and regular supply.
Plant factory in Japan
"Plant factory" is no longer a leading concept in Japan, but a practical experience of life. According to Japan's Fuji Economic Statistics, Japan has an annual demand for lettuce of 550,000 tons, and the supply of "plant factories" is about 17,000 tons in 2019, with a market share of about 3%. It is estimated that by 2030, the supply will reach 62,000 tons, and the market share will exceed 10%.
Beijing Kingpeng International Agriculture Corporation